Juneteenth is a recognition and celebration of the end of slavery in the United States. A combination of the terms “June” and “nineteenth,” this holiday – taking place on June 19 – marks the date in which Union troops arrived in Galveston, Texas in 1865, ensuring the freedom of all enslaved people in the state.
The arrival of the troops came two months after General Robert E. Lee surrendered in Appomattox, Virginia. Two years earlier, in 1863, President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation. Texas became the last Southern state to be formally notified of the president’s action that freed all enslaved people in Confederate states.
The 13th Amendment abolishing slavery was ratified on Dec. 6, 1865. The following year, the first celebration of “Jubilee Day” on June 19 was organized in Texas, which is now known as Juneteenth.
Juneteenth has been an annual celebration across the country, and it became a national holiday in 2021. Last October, the Board of County Commissioners also made it a county holiday, approving it unanimously. In 2022, it will be recognized by Johnson County for the first time, on Monday, June 20, since June 19 falls on a Sunday.
Juneteenth was first celebrated as a state holiday in Texas in 1980, as “Jubilee Day.” Forty-one years later, in 2021, President Joe Biden signed the Juneteenth National Independence Day Act, establishing Juneteenth as a national holiday. The Kansas Legislature also recently signed a bill establishing it as a state holiday.
This year, Johnson County is celebrating Juneteenth under the theme is “Learn the Past...Change the Future.” We encourage you to be a part of the celebration by using the hashtag #JoCoJuneteenth on social media.
The celebration of Juneteenth in the county will recognize the freedom for all through a variety of events. Ongoing engagements through the Johnson County Arts and Heritage Center, Johnson County Library and within the community offer the opportunity to learn more about Juneteenth, as well as the history of African-Americans in the United States.
Learn more about how you can commemorate Juneteenth in Johnson County below.
Before Brown vs. Topeka Board of Education, another key civil rights ruling came in Webb vs. School District 90. Corinthian Nutter was a key witness in the lawsuit, which led to the integration of Johnson County schools.
Born in Missouri, black scientist and inventor George Washington Carver has ties to Olathe, Kan. Researchers believe Carver attended what was known as the Old Rock School, part of his nomadic quests for an education while school segregation was the norm.
The fight for educational rights dates back to the 19th century, when parents and students pushed for equal access to local schools. Third-grader Luella Johnson of Olathe was one of them, winning her case in Johnson County District Court in 1890.
This year, Johnson County is celebrating Juneteenth under the theme is “Learn the Past...Change the Future.” Learn more about the events going on throughout the community, and join the celebration on social media using the hashtag #JoCoJuneteenth.
If you are organizing an event in Johnson County around Juneteenth and want it featured on this page, please email [email protected]. All events are subject to review.
An exhibition at the Johnson County Arts and Heritage Center, called “Redlined,” explores a housing practice that shaped our region while systematically disenfranchising the black community.
Redlining impacted black communities across the United States throughout the 1900s during the growth of suburban neighborhoods. This practice involved the private sector and the federal government supporting home purchases for some but not others – often keeping black Americans out.
This exhibit is open through January 7, 2023 and features an array of artifacts exploring redlining’s impact on Johnson County – including more than 120 images and large-scale visualizations. The museum is open Monday-Saturday, 9 a.m.-4:30 p.m.
Take a walk, read a book. The Johnson County Library's Walk and Read gives families the opportunity to engage with literature while getting their steps in, and a Juneteenth-themed display will be posted this summer.
Stories related to the freedom of all will be up June 13-30 at Civic Center Park, 250 E. Santa Fe St., Olathe, KS 66061. Families will be able to read two stories together that are posted along the park’s path: “Opal Lee and What It Means to Be Free” by Alice Faye Duncan and “Change Sings” by Amanda Gorman.