The California Road
(also known as the Westport to Lawrence Road)

In the late 1850s, hostility over the slavery issue erupted into open warfare in Johnson County. In an attempt to avoid trouble, some emigrants chose to travel a northern route known as the California Road. Although harder to travel, it was deemed safer.

The California Road started as a trail through Shawnee Indian lands, originally used by Native Americans, missionaries and travelers heading west. Emigrants to California and Oregon reconnected with the original Oregon-California Trail near Lawrence, KS.