Background: The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) defines Mitigation as: "The effort to reduce loss of life and property by lessening the impact of disasters. Mitigation is taking action now—before the next disaster—to reduce human and financial consequences later (analyzing risk, reducing risk, insuring against risk). Effective mitigation requires that we all understand local risks, address the hard choices, and invest in long-term community well-being. Without mitigation actions, we jeopardize our safety, financial security, and self-reliance." Hazard mitigation planning is the process through which hazards that threaten communities are identified, impacts of those hazards are determined, mitigation goals and strategies are determined, and actions are prioritized and implemented. The Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000 requires all political entities in the United States to have an approved Hazard Mitigation Plan in order to be eligible to receive hazard mitigation funds following a disaster - should funding become available.
Johnson County's Plan: The Multi-Jurisdictional Hazard Mitigation Plan for Johnson County documents the County's hazard mitigation planning process and identifies relevant hazards, vulnerabilities, and strategies that Johnson County and participating jurisdictions can use to decrease vulnerability and increase resiliency and sustainability. Over the course of 2013, Johnson County worked with local partners, Wyandotte County, Leavenworth County, and Kansas Division of Emergency Management to develop the Region L Multi-Jurisdictional Hazard Mitigation Plan. The regional mitigation plan was approved by FEMA and was adopted by the Johnson County BOCC on April 24th, 2014 under Resolution No. 025-14.